Australian Animal Health Status

The table below lists the status of different diseases in Australia, it has been taken from the Animal Health Australia web page on the 27th of June 2017.


The complete table including other species can be found here



Disease Status Date of last occurrence and notes Additional information
Multiple-species diseases
Anthrax Present Limited distribution
Bluetongue Viruses present Restricted to specific northern areas of Australia; sentinel herd and vector monitoring program.
Brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Free Australia declared freedom in 1989
Brucellosis (B. melitensis) Free
Brucellosis (B. suis) Serological evidence Maintained in feral pigs in northern Australia; rare occurrence in domestic pigs.
Crimean Congo haemorrhagic fever Free Never occurred
Epizootic haemorrhagic disease Virus present Disease has not been reported
Equine encephalomyelitis (eastern) Free Never occurred
Foot-and-mouth disease Free
Heartwater Free Never occurred
Infection with Aujeszky's disease virus Free Never occurred
Infection with Echinococcus granulosus (hydatid disease) Present
Infection withEchinococcus multilocularis Free
Rabies Free 1867
Rift Valley fever Free Never occurred
Rinderpest Free 1923; with the global eradication of rinderpest finalized in 2011, all countries are free.
Infection with "Trichinella" spp. Not reported Trichinella spiralis not present; T. pseudospiralis present in wildlife
Japanese encephalitis Serological evidence Detected annually in Torres Strait, and on Cape York in 1998 and 2004.
New World screw-worm fly (Cochliomyia hominivorax) Free Never occurred
Old World screw-worm fly (Chrysomya bezziana) Free Never occurred
Paratuberculosis Present National control/management programs
Q fever Present
Surra (Trypanosoma evansi) Free Never occurred
Tularaemia Free Never occurred
Vesicular stomatitis Free Never occurred
West Nile fever Australian variants present A previously unknown Australian strain of West Nile virus was identified following an outbreak of neurological disease in horses in 2011. No cases were reported in 2012
Cattle diseases
Bovine anaplasmosis Present
Bovine babesiosis Present
Bovine genital campylobacteriosis Present \\
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy Free Never occurred; National Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy Freedom Assurance Program includes surveillance; official OIE `negligible risk’ status.
Bovine tuberculosis Free Australia declared freedom in 1997; last case in any species (including free-living) reported in 2002.
Bovine viral diarrhoea Present Bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV)-1 — present; BVDV-2 — never occurred
Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Free 1967; Australia declared freedom in 1973; officially recognized by the OIE as free.
Enzootic bovine leucosis Present Licensed dairy cattle herds monitored free of disease; Australia declared provisional freedom of the Australian dairy herd, 2010.
Haemorrhagic septicaemia Free Never occurred; strains of Pasteurella multocida present, but not the 6b or 6e strains that cause haemorrhagic septicaemia.
Lumpy skin disease Free Never occurred
Theileriosis Free Theileria parva and T.annulata not present
Trichomonosis   Present
Trypanosomosis (tsetse borne) Free Never occurred
Sheep and goat diseases
Caprine arthritis–encephalitis Present Voluntary accreditation schemes exist
Contagious agalactia Not reported Mycoplasma agalactiae has been isolated, but Australian strains do not produce agalactia in sheep.
Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Free Never occurred
Enzootic abortion of ewes (ovine chlamydiosis) Not reported Never occurred
Maedi–visna Free Never occurred
Nairobi sheep disease Free Never occurred
Ovine epididymitis (Brucella ovis) Present Voluntary accreditation schemes in all states.
Peste des petits ruminants Free Never occurred
Salmonellosis (Salmonella Abortusovis) Free Never occurred; surveillance has shown no evidence of infection in sheep.
Scrapie Free 1952; National Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies Freedom Assurance Program includes surveillance
Sheep pox and goat pox Free Never occurred