Australian Animal Health Status

The table below lists the status of different diseases in Australia, it has been taken from the Animal Health Australia web page on the 20th of August 2018.

 

The complete table including other species can be found here

 

 

Disease

Status

Date of last occurrence and notes

Additional information

Anthrax

Present

Limited distribution

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal#anthrax
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.farmbiosecurity.com.au
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/disease-information-summaries/

Bluetongue

Virus present

Restricted to specific northern areas of Australia. Sentinel herd and vector monitoring programs are in place.

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
https://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/disease-surveillance/national-arbovirus-monitoring-program/
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/disease-information-summaries/

Crimean Congo haemorrhagic fever

Free

Never occurred

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable

Epizootic haemorrhagic disease

Virus present

Disease has not been reported

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable

Equine encephalomyelitis (eastern)

Free

Never occurred

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

Heartwater

Free

Never occurred

http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

Infection with Aujeszky's disease virus

Free

Never occurred

http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

Infection with Brucella abortus

Free

Australia declared freedom in all terrestrial animal species in 1989.

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/disease-information-summaries/

Infection with Brucella melitensis

Free

Never occurred in terrestrial animals.

http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/ /
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/disease-information-summaries/

Infection with Brucella suis

Serological evidence

Maintained in feral pigs in parts of New South Wales and Queensland. Rare occurrence in domestic pigs. Sporadic detections in pig hunting dog however this is not OIE notifiable.

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.health.gov.au
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/disease-information-summaries/

Infection with Echinococcus granulosus

Present

  http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/content/cda-pubs-cdi-2001-cdi2504-cdi2504c17.htm
http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable

Infection with Echinococcus multilocularis

Free

Never occurred

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable

Infection with foot-and-mouth disease virus

Free

1872. Australia is officially recognised by the OIE as free without vaccination.

http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal#footandmouth-disease
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/disease-information-summaries/

Infection with rabies virus

Free

1867

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal#rabies
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/ohp-rabies-consumer-info.htm
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/disease-information-summaries/

Infection with Rift Valley fever virus

Free

Never occurred

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/disease-information-summaries/

Infection with rinderpest virus

Free

1923. With the global eradication of rinderpest finalised in 2011, all countries are free.

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/disease-information-summaries/

Infection with Trichinellaspp.

Not reported

Trichinella spiralis is not present. T. pseudospiralis is present in wildlife.

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.health.gov.au

Japanese encephalitis

Serological evidence

Detected seasonally in Torres Strait and on Cape York in 1998 and 2004.

http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable

New World screw-worm fly (Cochliomyia hominivorax)

Free

Never occurred

http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal#screwworm-fly
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

Old World screw-worm fly (Chrysomya bezziana)

Free

Never occurred

http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
https://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/disease-surveillance/screw-worm-fly/
http://www.agriculture.gov.au/biosecurity/australia/naqs/naqs-target-lists/screw-worm-fly
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

Paratuberculosis

Present

National control and management programs are in place.

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://edis.animalhealthaustralia.com.au
http://nahis.animalhealthaustralia.com.au
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

Q fever

Present

  http://www.qfever.org
http://www.health.gov.au/internet/publications/publishing.nsf/Content/cda-cdi31suppl.htm~cda-cdi31suppl-3.htm~cda-cdi31suppl-3l.htm 
http://www.oie.int/for-the-media/animal-diseases/animal-disease-information-summaries/

Surra (Trypanosoma evansi)

Free

Never occurred

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal#surra
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/technical-disease-cards/
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

Tularaemia

Present

Two human cases reported in Tasmania in 2011, detected in archived samples Tasmanian ringtail possums sampled in 2002.

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

West Nile fever

Australian variants present

A previously unknown Australian strain of West Nile virus was identified following an outbreak of neurological disease in horses in 2011. No cases were reported in 2017.

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan /
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/

Cattle diseases

Bovine anaplasmosis

Present

Transmission mainly in areas of Queensland, Northern Territory and Western Australia.

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

Bovine babesiosis

Present

Transmission mainly in areas of Queensland, Northern Territory and Western Australia

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable 
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

Bovine genital campylobacteriosis

Present

  http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy

Free

Never occurred. The National Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy Freedom Assurance Program includes surveillance. Australia has official OIE `negligible risk’ status.

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal#bovine-spongiform-encephalopathy
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
https://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/disease-surveillance/tse-freedom-assurance-program/
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/

Bovine tuberculosis

Free

Australia declared freedom in 1997; the last case in any species was reported in 2002.

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

Bovine viral diarrhoea

Present

Bovine viral diarrhoea virus 1 (BVDV-1) is present; BVDV-2 has never occurred.

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/

Enzootic bovine leucosis

The dairy cattle herd is free. Very low prevalence in beef cattle.

Australian dairy herd achieved freedom on 31 December 2012.

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/

Haemorrhagic septicaemia

Free

Never occurred. Strains of Pasteurella multocida are present, but not the 6b or 6e strains that cause haemorrhagic septicaemia.

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/

Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis / infectious pustular vulvovaginitis

Present

Bovine herpesvirus (BHV) – 1.2b is present; BHV-1.1 and BHV-1.2a have never occurred.

http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/

Infection with Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoidesSC (contagious bovine pleuropneumonia)

Free

1967. Australia declared freedom in 1973 and is officially recognised by the OIE as free.

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

Lumpy skin disease

Free

Never occurred

http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/

Theileriosis

Free

Theileria parva and T. annulata are not present

http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/

Trichomonosis

Present

  http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/

Trypanosomosis (tsetse borne)

Free

Never occurred

http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/