Australian Animal Health Status

The table below lists the status of different diseases in Australia, it has been taken from the Animal Health Australia web page on the 2nd of March 2020

 

The complete table including other species can be found here

 

 

Disease

 

Status

 

Date of last occurrence and notes

 

Additional information

 

Multiple-species diseases

 

Anthrax

 

Present

 

Limited distribution

 

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal#anthrax
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.farmbiosecurity.com.au
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/disease-information-summaries/

 

Bluetongue

 

Virus present

 

Restricted to specific northern areas of Australia. Sentinel herd and vector monitoring programs are in place.

 

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
https://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/disease-surveillance/national-arbovirus-monitoring-program/
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/disease-information-summaries/

 

Crimean Congo haemorrhagic fever

 

Free

 

Never occurred

 

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable

 

Epizootic haemorrhagic disease

 

Virus present

 

Disease has not been reported

 

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable

 

Equine encephalomyelitis (eastern)

 

Free

 

Never occurred

 

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

 

Heartwater

 

Free

 

Never occurred

 

http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

 

Infection with Aujeszky's disease virus

 

Free

 

Never occurred

 

http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

 

Infection with Brucella abortus

 

Free

 

Australia declared freedom in all terrestrial animal species in 1989.

 

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/disease-information-summaries/

 

Infection with Brucella melitensis

 

Free

 

Never occurred in terrestrial animals.

 

http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/ /
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/disease-information-summaries/

 

Infection with Brucella suis

 

Serological evidence

 

Maintained in feral pigs in parts of New South Wales and Queensland. Rare occurrence in domestic pigs. Sporadic detections in pig hunting dog however this is not OIE notifiable.

 

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.health.gov.au
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/disease-information-summaries/

 

Infection with Echinococcus granulosus

 

Present

 

 

http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/content/cda-pubs-cdi-2001-cdi2504-cdi2504c17.htm
http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable

 

Infection with Echinococcus multilocularis

 

Free

 

Never occurred

 

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable

 

Infection with foot-and-mouth disease virus

 

Free

 

1872. Australia is officially recognised by the OIE as free without vaccination.

 

http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal#footandmouth-disease
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/disease-information-summaries/

 

Infection with rabies virus

 

Free

 

1867

 

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal#rabies
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/ohp-rabies-consumer-info.htm
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/disease-information-summaries/

 

Infection with Rift Valley fever virus

 

Free

 

Never occurred

 

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/disease-information-summaries/

 

Infection with rinderpest virus

 

Free

 

1923. With the global eradication of rinderpest finalised in 2011, all countries are free.

 

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/disease-information-summaries/

 

Infection with Trichinella spp.

 

Not reported

 

Trichinella spiralis is not present. T. pseudospiralis is present in wildlife.

 

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.health.gov.au

 

Japanese encephalitis

 

Serological evidence

 

Detected seasonally in Torres Strait and on Cape York in 1998 and 2004.

 

http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable

 

New World screw-worm fly (Cochliomyia hominivorax)

 

Free

 

Never occurred

 

http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal#screwworm-fly
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

 

Old World screw-worm fly (Chrysomya bezziana)

 

Free

 

Never occurred

 

http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
https://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/disease-surveillance/screw-worm-fly/
http://www.agriculture.gov.au/biosecurity/australia/naqs/naqs-target-lists/screw-worm-fly
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

 

Paratuberculosis

 

Present

 

National control and management programs are in place.

 

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://edis.animalhealthaustralia.com.au
http://nahis.animalhealthaustralia.com.au
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

 

Q fever

 

Present

 

 

http://www.qfever.org
http://www.health.gov.au/internet/publications/publishing.nsf/Content/cda-cdi31suppl.htm~cda-cdi31suppl-3.htm~cda-cdi31suppl-3l.htm
http://www.oie.int/for-the-media/animal-diseases/animal-disease-information-summaries/

 

Surra (Trypanosoma evansi)

 

Free

 

Never occurred

 

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal#surra
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/technical-disease-cards/
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

 

Tularaemia

 

Present

 

Two human cases reported in Tasmania in 2011, detected in archived samples Tasmanian ringtail possums sampled in 2002.

 

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

 

West Nile fever

 

Australian variants present

 

A previously unknown Australian strain of West Nile virus was identified following an outbreak of neurological disease in horses in 2011. No cases were reported in 2017.

 

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan /
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/

 

Cattle diseases

 

Bovine anaplasmosis

 

Present

 

Transmission mainly in areas of Queensland, Northern Territory and Western Australia.

 

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

 

Bovine babesiosis

 

Present

 

Transmission mainly in areas of Queensland, Northern Territory and Western Australia

 

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

 

Bovine genital campylobacteriosis

 

Present

 

 

 

http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

 

 

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy

Free

 

Never occurred. The National Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy Freedom Assurance Program includes surveillance. Australia has official OIE `negligible risk’ status.

 

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal#bovine-spongiform-encephalopathy
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
https://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/disease-surveillance/tse-freedom-assurance-program/
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/

 

Bovine tuberculosis

 

Free

 

Australia declared freedom in 1997; the last case in any species was reported in 2002.

 

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

 

Bovine viral diarrhoea

 

Present

 

Bovine viral diarrhoea virus 1 (BVDV-1) is present; BVDV-2 has never occurred.

 

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/

 

Enzootic bovine leucosis

 

The dairy cattle herd is free. Very low prevalence in beef cattle.

 

Australian dairy herd achieved freedom on 31 December 2012.

 

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/

 

Haemorrhagic septicaemia

 

Free

 

Never occurred. Strains of Pasteurella multocida are present, but not the 6b or 6e strains that cause haemorrhagic septicaemia.

 

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/

 

Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis / infectious pustular vulvovaginitis

 

Present

 

Bovine herpesvirus (BHV) – 1.2b is present; BHV-1.1 and BHV-1.2a have never occurred.

 

http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/

 

Infection with Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides SC (contagious bovine pleuropneumonia)

 

Free

 

1967. Australia declared freedom in 1973 and is officially recognised by the OIE as free.

 

http://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/animal/notifiable
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/
http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Wahidhome/Home

 

Lumpy skin disease

 

Free

 

Never occurred

 

http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/
http://www.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/what-we-do/emergency-animal-disease/ausvetplan/

 

Theileriosis

 

Free

 

Theileria parva and T. annulata are not present

 

http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/

 

Trichomonosis

 

Present

 

 

 

http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/

 

Trypanosomosis (tsetse borne)

 

Free

 

Never occurred

 

http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/oie-listed-diseases-2018/